Japa: Nine Keys From the Siksastaka to Improve Your Japa
por Bhurijana DasaHardcover (Edición: 2010)
Tamaño: 7.8 inch X 6.3 inch
Precio: Euro 22.87
Even after forty years of practice, I have often found chanting quality japa difficult because of my wild and uncontrolled mind. Yet over the years I have noticed that certain principles-in this book I have referred to them as keys - have been effective in helping me increase the quality of my chanting regardless of the level of my chanting at any given moment. In presenting these principles here in this small book, I pray that Krsna’s holy name as well as the servants of His holy names, will be pleased.
How this Book Came to Be Written
Years ago, as I was chanting japa and walking around Vrndavana, I began to consider how to improve my chanting. What would it take for me to become a more enthusiastic chanter? I realized that I needed to become more aware of the potency of chanting Krsna’s names. I also took a serious look at the many obstacles I would have to overcome to be able to chant, steadily, in a way that would push me toward spiritual advancement. I still find myself repeating today the thought I had those years ago: I must chant Krsna’s holy names attentively. But whenever I attempted to be more attentive, I was forced to realize my incapacity. Humbled, I continued to chant and began to pray for the mercy of Krsna’s holy names.
I am a teacher by nature and learn best what I teach, so I decided to also try to help others improve their chanting. In the mood of both seeking to learn and to teach others I began to study Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu’s sacred and powerful words, the Siksastaka.
What I found there amazed me. Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu had already completed the research and arranged the curriculum: the Siksastaka was already organized according to the principles I had somehow come to consider. Studying further I discovered that in his Harinama-cintamani, and especially in his Bhajana Rahasya, Srila Bhakti-vinoda Thakura had also described the necessary details and practical clues to assist me and others to better their chanting.
I have mined nine jewels from these sources and fashioned them into the keys I now present at japa retreats. This book is an expansion on those ideas.
I have extracted all nine keys from the first four verses of the Siksastaka. These keys can help a chanter unlock the treasures of Krsna’s holy names. Which key each person will find most useful will depend on the quality of japa he or she is chanting at the moment. In my own chanting I have noticed that the key I most need to emphasize at the beginning of a chanting session may differ from the key I find most relevant after I have been chanting for some time. In other words, the immediate quality of one’s chanting will dictate which key should be applied.
Levels of Chanting
In his Bhajana Rahasya Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura broadly describes the stages of Krsna conscious advancement, paralleling those listed by Srila Rupa Gosvami inn the Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu:
Verse One: ceto-darpana-marjanam - sraddha, faith
Verse two: namnam akari bahudha nija-sarva-saktih-the acceptance and performance of Krsna conscious practies, which cause unwanted desires and habits to be removed from the heart (anartha-nivrtti).
Verse three: trnad api sunicena taror api sahisnuna - nistha, fixedness in devotion to Krsna.
Verse Four: na dhanam na janam na sundarim - ruci, taste in chanting Krsna’s holy names.
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu offers these verses both as descriptions and prescriptions. That is, by chanting Krsna’s holy names while following the guidelines indicated in each verse, especially as Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura has expanded on them in Bhajana Rahasya, our love for Krsna will develop progressively through stages - from sraddha to ruci and upward to asakti (attachment), bhava, and prema-bhakti (stages described in the Siksastaka’s final verses).
The Qualities of One Stage…
But it is not that as we pass, for example, through the initial stage, sraddha (faith), to bhajana-kriya (devotional practice under the guru’s guidance) and anartha-nivrtti and onward that we are done with faith. Rather, the quality of advancement mentioned in one stage is included and intensified in the next. For example, bhajana-kriya and anartha-nivrtti naturally deepen faith, sraddha, because as we clear anarthas we feel the heart being cleansed by the holy name. similarly, nistha brings an even deeper faith (and a cleaner heart) than the previous stages. As the heart increases. This longing and taste define ruci. But at ruci it is natural to experience a further loosening of our unwanted tendencies (anarthanivrtti) and an ever-increasing faith (sraddha) in Krsna’s names.
The glorious qualities that characterize each stage continue to increase as we progress. It is clear that the residents of Vrndavana, Krsna’s dearmost devotees, who stand supreme at the highest level of prema, have unequaled faith (sraddha), purity of heart (bhajana-kriya and anartha-nivrtti), fixedness in their devotion (nistha), taste (ruci), attachment (asakti), and love (prema) - and they express their prema both toward Krsna Himself and in the act of singing about Him, which includes chanting His holy names. Indeed, the Vraja gopis fully exhibit the qualities of all the stages in the madness of the prema they experience in their ecstatic distress as they search for Krsna when He disappears from among them during the rasa dance. At that time, at the pinnacle of their ecstasy, they too take shelter of Krsna’s holy name:
Singing loudly of Krsna, they searched for Him throughout the Vrndavana forest like a band of madwomen. They even asked the trees about Him, who as the Supersoul is present inside and outside of all created things, just like the sky. (Srimad-Bhagavatam 10.30.4)
All the gopis, including Radharani, began to proceed further into the forest until they could no longer see the moonlight. When they saw that it was getting gradually darker, they stopped. Their minds and intelligence became absorbed in thoughts of Krsna; they all imitated the activities of Krsna and His speeches. Due to their hearts and souls being completely given to Krsna, they began to chant His glories, completely forgetting their family interests. In this way, all the gopis assembled together on the bank of the Yamuna, and expecting that Krsna must return to them, they simply engaged in the chanting of the glories of Sri Krsna-Hare Krsna, Hare Krsna, Krsna Krsna, Hare Hare/Hare Rama, Hare Rama, Rama Rama, Hare Hare. (Krsna book, pp. 234-35, 2006 edition).
When Srimati Radharani first saw Krsna, She suddenly became conscious of all transcendental happiness, and the functions of Her different limbs were stunned. When Lalita, Her constant companion, whispered into Her ear the holy name of Krsna, Radharani immediately opened Her eyes wide. This is an instance of alertness caused by hearing the sound of Krsna’s name. (The Nectar of Devotion, p.259)
In the [same] Krsna-karnamrta there is another statement about the chanting of Radharani. It is said by one of the associates of Radharani: “O Lord Govinda, the girl who is the daughter of King Vrsabhanu is now shedding tears, and She is anxiously chanting Your holy name-Krsna! Krsna!” (The Nectar of Devotion, p. 138).
[T]he ladies of Vraja, who were so attached to Krsna, felt extremely agitated by their imminent separation from Him. They forgot all shame and loudly cried our, “O Govinda! O Damodara! O Madhava!” (Srimad-Bhagavatam 10.29.31).
While describing the autumn rasa dance, Parasara Muni says in the Visnu Purana (5.13.52, 56): Krsnah sarac-candramasam kaumudi-kumudakaram jagau gopi-ganas tv ekam krsna-nama punah punah, “Krsna sang about the autumn moon and its light upon the lotus ponds, while the gopis simply sang Krsna’s name over and over again.” Rasa-geyam jagau krsno yavat tarayata-dhvanih sadhu krsneti krsneti tavat ta dvi-gunam jaguh: “While Krsna sang a rasa-dance song in a resonant voice, the gopis congratulated Him and redoubled their chanting of ‘Krsna! Krsna!” (Brhad-bhagavatamrta, 2.7.136, commentary).
AT all stages of advancement, from the highest to the lowest, most beginning stage, devotees chant Krsna’s holy names and sing about His qualities and pastimes. “O King, constant chanting of the holy name of the Lord after the ways of the great authorities is the doubtless and fearless way of success for all, including those who are from all material desires, those who are desirous of all material enjoyment, and also those who are self-satisfied by dint of transcendental knowledge.” (Srimad-Bhagavatam 2.1.11)
Srila Visvanatha Cakravarti Thakura comments on this verse and offers chanters further encouragement: “It is understood that in this scripture bhakti is described. Among the angas of bhakti, which is defined as the chief one, standing out like an emperor exerting power everywhere? This verse answers that question. Among the angas of bhakti, hearing, chanting, and remembering are the three chiefs…among these, three, chanting is the chief. In chanting, however, there is chanting of the Lord’s name, chanting of His qualities, and chanting of His pastimes. Among these anukirtana (chanting of His name according to one’s own bhakti) is best. Anukirtana also means continuous chanting. This is not only my conclusion; this has been concluded (nirnitam) by the previous acaryas. Therefore there is no need for further inquiry or proofs.”
Chant Hare Krsna and Be Happy
Confidently following this conclusion, srila Prabhupada asserts: “This is the advantage of chanting Hare Krsna, Hare Krsna, Krsna Krsna, Hare Hare/Hare Rama, Hare Rama, Rama Rama, Hare Hare. One may be put in any condition, but God gives him the prerogative to chant Hare Krsna. In any condition of life, if one goes on chanting he will never be unhappy.” (Srimad-Bhagavatam 3.15.49, purport).
He also told many of his disciples at the time of their initiation, “Now chant Hare Krsna and be happy.” To Aditi Dasi in 1970: “Chant Hare Krishna Mantra always and be happy.” And to Hladini Dasi, also in 1970: “So please chant Hare Krishna and be happy. That is my desire.”
kathamapi sakrd-attam muktidam praninam yat
paramam amrtam ekam jivanam bhusanam me.
“All glories, all glories to the all-blissful holy name of Sri Krsna, which causes the devotee to give up all conventional religious duties, meditation, and worship. When somehow or other uttered even once by a living entity, the holy name awards him liberation. The holy name of Krsna is the highest nectar. It is my very life and my only treasure.” (Brhad-Bhagavatamrta 1.1.9)
I would like to thank those who have devotedly offered their skills in the fire of producing this book. Thank you, Kaisori Dasi, for help with conceptualizing, editing, and production; Suman Sankar, Hare Krishna Dasa, and Taj Avital for layout and design; Yaron Shagal for cover design and photo layout; Linda Hodgkinson for proofreading; and Braja Bihari Dasa for working with the printer. My thanks also to the VIHE for both hosting japa retreats and allowing me to participate in them along with my companion and friend His Holiness Sacinandana Swami.
By the grace of the holy name and His servants, if this small book and its nine keys helps to improve even one reader’s chanting, and that chanter becomes happy by the grace of Krsna’s names, I will consider my effort in writing this book a success.
|How this Book Came to Be Written 1. Levels of Chanting 2. The Qualities of One Stage…3. Chant Hare Krsna and Be Happy 6|| |
|Chapter 1|| |
|Caitanya Mahaprabhu’s Siksastaka, Verse One 9. The First Key: Chant Hare Krsna! 12|| |
|Chapter 2|| |
|Why We Achieve Neither Attraction for Krsna’s Name Nor the Seven Results of Chanting 13. Four Causes of Lack of Taste 14. Unfavorable Results Stemming from Committing Offenses 17. Don’t Criticize Devotees 18. Avoiding Pramada (Inattention) While Chanting 18|| |
|Chapter 3|| |
|The Function and Nature of the Mind 21||21|
|Chapter 4|| |
|Chanting with the Mind’s Help 25. The Second Key: Listen to Just One Mantra 25. The Third Key: State your Determination 26||25|
|Chapter 5|| |
|The Fourth Key: From Wherever the Mind Wanders…29. The Fifth Key: Detachment 30. Hearing Even One Mantra is Wonderful 31||29|
|Chapter 6|| |
|Chanting Through Anything 33. Let the Mind Embrace the Holy Name 34. The Highest Benediction 35. The Simplicity of the Task 37.|| |
|Chapter 7|| |
|More on the Mind 39. The Avanti Brahmana 41||39|
|Chapter 8|| |
|What is Important? 45. The Village Prostitute, the Unsteady Intelligence 48||45|
|Chapter 9|| |
|The Sixth Key: Neglect the Mind 51. The Mind is Not to Be Trusted 53. The Mind as a Taster of Mundane Rasa 54. If Only….55||51|
|Chapter 10|| |
|Techniques for Controlling the Mind 57. Becoming a Servant of the Holy Name 61. Neglecting the Mind in Order to Serve 63.||57|
|Chapter 11|| |
|The Seventh Key: Humility 65. Krsna’s Response to a Humble appeal 68||65|
|Chapter 12|| |
|Krsna is Capable of Protecting Us 71. The Servant is Sold to the Master 73. Fear 73|| |
|Chapter 13|| |
|The Eight Key: Namasraya 77. Becoming Akincana 80. Beg for the holy Name 82.. Remain Dependent 83. How to See Difficulties 84. Back to Basics 85|| |
|Chapter 14|| |
|Progressing from Nistha to Ruci/The Consciousness of One at the Level of Nistha 87. The Journey from Nistha to Ruci 89. Acquiring Taste for Krsna’s Holy Names 90.||87|
|Chapter 15|| |
|Mixing the Negative with the Positive 93. The Negatives 93||93|
|Chapter 16|| |
|The Importance of the Positive 97. The Process of Sadhana: Increasing our Desire to Serve Krsna 98. Hari-nama: The Heart of the Process 99. Serve the Devotees 100 Associate with Advanced Devotees and Hear Krsna-katha 101. Preach: Taste and Distribute 102. Pray 103||97|
|Chapter 17|| |
|The Ninth Key: Krsna’s Causeless Mercy 105||105|
|Chapter 18|| |
|Qualities that Can Help Attract Krsna’s Mercy 109. Guruseva 109. Faith 110. Sincerity 110. Hope 111. Feel Loved 112. If You Want Krsna’s Mercy…116||109|
|Chapter 19|| |
|Questions and Answers 117||117|
|Chapter 20|| |
|Quotations from Srila Prabhupada 131. Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura’s letters 137. Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura’s Harinama-cintamani 139. Srila Rupa Gosvami’s Padyavali 139. Srila Rupa Goswami’s Stava-mala, Sri Prarthana-paddhatih 141||141|
|The Nine Keys and How They Correlate with the Stages of Chanting 144. Practical Application of the Levels of Chanting 145. Syllables of the Holy Name 146||143|
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ARTÍCULOS Y ANEXO
- Goddess Durga
- The Three Bodies: Going Beyond Them
- What is Puja? The Philosophical Foundations of Wor...
- Who is a Guru? The Traditional, Scriptural View
- Anexo 1
- Anexo 2
- Anexo 3
- Parvati with Ganesha in Her Lap
- Descent of Lord Shiva and Family from Kailash
- The Holy Family
- Her Divine Aura Pervades the Cosmos in Entirety
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- inbeno11.ttf - 12 KB
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