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Ceremonies of The Sikh Wedding


Ceremonies of The Sikh Wedding

Ceremonies of The Sikh Wedding

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Libros > Historia > Ceremonies of The Sikh Wedding

Código del Artículo: IDI773

por Mina Singh With Photographs by Raghu Rai

Hardcover (Edición: 2005)

Rupa. & Co
ISBN 8129106337

Tamaño: 10.8" X 8.3
Páginas: 110 (Illustrated Throughout in Full Color)

Precio: Euro 26.68

From The Jacket

The Sikh marriage is a unique sacrament because it does not require any services to be performed by a priest - it requires only the presence of the Sikh holy book, Guru Granth Sahib, and a reader, either man or woman, to read specified verses from it while the bride and bridegroom walk four times around the holy book. The Sikh marriage ceremony does not have to be performed in a gurdwara or Sikh place of worship. It can legally take place in the home or in an appropriate public place, at any time.

Ceremonies of the Sikh Wedding celebrates the uniqueness and simplicity of the Anand Karaj, behind which lies the sublime meaning the Sikh Gurus gave to the different stages of a human being's life, from birth to death, including wedded life.

Sikhism is a young faith compared to Christianity, Islam and Hinduism.Ceremonies of the Sikh Wedding is written in, the hope that the general reader will enjoy its insights into Sikhism. As multiculturalism firmly establishes itself in many countries around the world, more and more people are beginning to value and explore cultural diversity in a globalized world. For hundreds of years, India has deeply appreciated cultural richness, making its society the most multicultural in the world. This book is written in the anticipation that India's love of cultural diversity will be further strengthened in the 21st century.

Back Of The Book

Ceremonies of the Sikh Wedding is the first comprehensive book on the religious ceremonies of the Sikh marriage, known as the Anand Karaj. Two major development - the existence of a large number of expatriate Sikh communities in distant lands and the increasing number of marriages between Sikhs and adherents of other religions - have prompted the writing of this book. With pictures by well-known photographer Raghu Rai, Ceremonies of the Sikh Wedding aims at providing useful information not only to those planning a Sikh wedding, but also to those interested in learning more about the social customs and religio9us practices of India's most colourful community.

According to Sikhism, marriage is a necessary fulfilment because through marriage the highest from of love, the love for the divine, may be experienced. The book outlines in detail the numerous social customs, joyous ceremonies and solemn rites that are performed during a Sikh wedding, which may extend over a week. It includes detailed information about pre-nuptial celebration and ceremonies, such as the Sangeet and Mehndi, concluding with the doli and reception, which follow the Anand Karaj. With intra-community marriages on the increase, this book aims to provide the younger generation all the information they need to organize a wedding according to Sikh traditions.

"One of the most beautiful aspects of Sikhism is its wedding ceremony. It is simple and solemn and holds so much meaning that a book such as this one, which explains the ceremony in detail, is to be welcomed by everyone. I appreciate Mina Singh's earnest endeavour to spread the beauty of Sikhism. Don't delay, add Ceremonies of the Sikh Wedding to your collection of books today.

Mandira Bedi

"Mina Singh's book is a thoughtful account of the religious ceremonies of the Anand Karaj. I did not think my practice of daily worship, such as prakash, Ardas or vaak, required detailed explanation, but I'm glad Mina has finally done it for the benefit of Sikhs and non-Sikhs, and especially the younger generation. For those planning a Sikh wedding, this book is a must.

Dr Bhai Mohan Singh

"Mina Singh's book will make NRIs nostalgic for the colour and majesty of the Indian wedding. Sikhs, from New York to New Zealand, who miss the exuberant celebrations that are so much a part of the Punjabi way of life, will find here a guide that is authentic, informative and committed. Mina Singh has rightly placed principles alongside the reality. She has recorded a moment in Sikh cultural history, as it is being played out today in India. Tomorrow new practices may be initiated abroad based on this record".

Sant Singh Chatwal


The Sikh wedding is a unique sacrament because it does not require any services to be performed by a priest - it requires only the presence of the Sikh holy book, the Granth Sahib, and a reader, either man or woman, to read specified verses from it while the bride and bridegroom walk four time around the holy book. The Sikh marriage ceremony does not have to be performed in a gurdwara or Sikh place of worship. Thus, it is the ultimate self-help wedding that can legally take place in the home, or in an appropriate public place, such as a community hall.

Therefore, the aim of this book is to provide information to those family members who bear the maximum responsibility for the successful completion of the sacred rituals of the Anand Karaj.This book is also an up-to-date guide to the rules of etiquette, the correct forms and practices, of the Sikh wedding. It includes detailed information about the joyful celebrations before the Anand Karaj ceremony, such as Sangeet and mebndi; the rituals of giving and receiving gifts; and the tradition-bound doli, the bride's tearful departure from her parents' home.

Two major developments - the existence of a large number of expatriate Indian communities and the increasing number of, hitherto forbidden but now accepted, marriages between adherents of different religions - have prompted this first comprehensive book on the social etiquette and religious ceremonies of the Anand Karaj. Today, all of us can benefit from knowing how other communities in India organize, solemnize and celebrate weddings.

A Necessary Fulfilment
The Engagement9
Pre-Nuptial Ceremonies13
Akhand Paath
The Wedding Procession41
Sehra Bandi
Reception of the Baraat
The Marriage Ceremony51
Anand Karaj
The Reception77
Wedding Finale
On Sikhism83
A Young Faith
Glossary 106

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Anand Sanskar : (Sikh Matrimonial Ceremony and Conventions)

a. A Sikh man and woman should enter wedlock without giving thought to the prospective spouse's caste and descent.

b. A Sikh's daughter must be married to a Sikh.

c. A Sikh's marriage should be solemnized by Anand marriage rites.

d. Child marriage is taboo for Sikhs.

e. When a girl becomes marriageable, physically, emotionally and by virtue of maturity of character, a suitable Sikh match should be found and she be married to him by Anand marriage rites.

f. Marriage may not be preceded by engagement ceremony. But if an engagement ceremony is sought to he held, a congregational gathering should be held and, after offering the Ardas before the Guru Granth Sahib, a kirpan, a steel Karah and some sweets may be tendered to the boy.

g. Consulting horoscopes for determining which day or date is auspicious or otherwise for fixing the day of the marriage is a sacrilege. Any day that the parties find suitable by mutual consultation should be fixed.

h. Putting on floral or gilded face ornamentation, decorative headgear or red thread band round the wrist, worshipping of ancestors, dipping feet in rffiik mixed with water, cutting a berry or jandi (Prosopis spieigera) bushes, filling pitcher, ceremony of retirement in feigned displeasure, reciting couplets, performing havans (Sacrificial fire), installing vedi (a wooden canopy or pavilion under which Hindu marriages are performed), prostitutes' dances, drinking liquor, are all sacrileges.

i. The marriage party should have as small a number of people as the girl's people desire. The two sides should greet each other singing sacred hymns and finally by the Sikh greetings of Waheguru ji ka Khalsa, Waheguru ji ki Fateh.

j. For marriage, there should be a congregational gathering in the holy presence of Guru Granth Sahib. There should be hymn-singing by ragis or by the whole congregation. Then the girl and the boy should he made to sit facing the Guru Granth Sahib. The girl should sit on the left side of the boy. After soliciting the congregation's permission, the master of the marriage ceremony (who may be a man or a woman) should bid the boy and girl and their parents or guardians to stand and should offer the Ardas for the commencement of the Anand marriage ceremony.

The officiant should then apprise the boy and the girl of the duties and obligations of conjugal life according to the Guru's tenets.

He should initially give to the two an exposition of their common mutual obligations. He should tell them how to model the husband-wife relationship on the love between the individual soul and the Supreme Soul in the light of the contents of circumambulation (Lavan) Sabads in the Suhi measure (Rag) section of the Guru Granth Sahib.

He should explain to them the notion of the state of "a single soul in two bodies" to be achieved through love and make them see how they may attain union with the Immortal Being discharging duties and obligations of the householders' life. Both of them, they should be told, have to make their conjugal union a means to the fulfillment of the purpose of the journey of human existence; both have to lead clean and Guru-oriented lives through the instrumentality of their union.

He should then explain to the boy and girl individually their respective conjugal duties as husband and wife.

The bridegroom should be told that the girl's people having chosen him as the fittest match from among a lot, he should regard his wife as his better half, accord to unflinching love and share with her all that he has. In situations, he should protect her person and honour, should be completely loyal to her and he should show much respect and consideration for her parents and as for his own.

The girl should be told that she has been joined matrimony to her man in the hallowed presence of the Guru Granth Sahib and the congregation. She should ever harbor for him deferential solicitude, regard him the lord master of her love and trust; she should remain firm in loyalty to him and serve him in joy and sorrow and in every clime (native or foreign) and should show the same and consideration to his parents and relatives as she to her own parents and relatives.

The boy and girl should bow before the Guru Granth Sahib to betoken their acceptance of these instructions. Thereafter, the girl's father or the principal relation should make the girl grasp one end of the sash which the boy wearing over his shoulders and the person in attendance the Guru Granth Sahib should recite the matrimonial circumambulation stanzas {Lavan of the Fourth Nanak, Guru Ram Das Sahib in the Suhi Rag of the Guru Granth Sahib } (Pp. 773-4). After the conclusion of the recitation of each of the stanzas, the boy, followed by the girl holding the end of the sash, should go round the Guru Granth Sahib while the ragis or the congregation sing out the recited stanza.

The boy and girl, after every circumambulation, should bow before the Guru Granth Sahib in genuflexion, lowering their forehead to touch the ground and then stand up to listen to the recitation of the next stanza. There being four matrimonial circumambulation stanzas in the concerned hymn, the proceeding will comprise four circumambulation with the incidental singing of the stanza. After the four circumabulation, the boy and girl should, after bowing before the Guru Granth Sahib, sit down at the appointed place and the Ragis or the person who has conducted the ceremony should recite the first five and the last stanza of the Anand Sahib. Thereafter, the Ardas should he offered to mark the conclusion of the Anand marriage ceremony and the Karhah Parshad, distributed'.

k. Persons professing faiths other than the Sikh faith cannot be joined in wedlock by the Anand Karaj ceremony.

l. No Sikh should accept a match for his/her son or daughter for monetary consideration.

m. If the girl's parents at any time or on any occasion visit their daughter's home and a meal is ready there, they should not hesitate to eat there. Abstaining from eating at the girl's home is a superstition. The Khalsa has been blessed with the boon of victuals and making others eat by the Guru and the Immortal Being. The girl's and boy's people should keep accepting each other's hospitality, because the Guru has joined them in relationship of equality (Prem Sumarag).

n. If a woman's husband has died, she may, if she so wishes, finding a match suitable for her, remarry. For a Sikh man whose wife has died, similar ordinance obtains.

o. The remarriage may be solemnized in the same manner as the Anand marriage.

p. Generally, no Sikh should marry a second wife if the first wife is alive.

q. Amritdhari Sikh ought to get his wife also Amritdhari

Tomado: http://www.sgpc.net/sikhism/anand-sanskar.html

Anand Sanskar: 
(Ceremonia y convenciones matrimoniales sikh) 

a. Un hombre y una mujer sikh deben casarse sin pensar en sus fueros internos en castas. 
b. La hija de un Sikh debe casarse con un sikh. 
c. Un Sikh' la unión de s se debe solemnized por ritos de la unión de Anand. 
d. La unión del niño es tabú para los sikhs. 
e. Cuando una muchacha es casadera, físicamente, y emocionalmente y en virtud de la madurez del carácter, un joven sikh conveniente se encontrará y ella se casará con él por ritos de la unión de Anand. 
f. La unión no se puede preceder por ceremonia del contrato. Pero si una ceremonia del contrato se busca a él se sostuvo, una reunión de congregación debe ser llevada a cabo y, después de ofrecer el Ardas antes del gurú Granth Sahib, un kirpan, un Karah de acero y algunos dulces puede ser ofrecido al muchacho. 
g. La consulta de los horóscopos para determinar qué día o fecha es propicia o para fijar el día de la unión es de otra manera un sacrilegio. Cualquie día que el hallazgo de los partidos conveniente por la consulta mutua debe ser fijo. 
h. Poniendo en la ornamentación floral o dorada de la cara, el sombrero decorativo o la venda roja alrededor de la muñeca, el adorar del hilo de rosca de antepasados, sumergiendo pies en el rffiik mezclado con agua, cortando una baya o arbustos del jandi (spieigera del Prosopis), jarra de relleno, ceremonia del retiro en el descontento fingido, pareados que recitan, realizando los havans (fuego sacrificatorio), instalando vedi (un pabellón o un pabellón de madera debajo de los cuales se realizan las uniones hindúes), prostitutes' las danzas, licor de consumición, son todos los sacrilegios. 
i. El partido de la unión debe tener como pequeño un número de gente como el girl' deseo de la gente de s. Los dos lados deben saludarse los himnos sagrados del canto y finalmente por los saludos sikh de ka Khalsa, ki Fateh del ji de Waheguru del ji de Waheguru. 
j. Para la unión, debe haber una reunión de congregación en la presencia santa de gurú Granth Sahib. Allí debe himno-cantar por los ragis o por la congregación entera. Entonces la muchacha y el muchacho él hicieron para sentarse haciendo frente al gurú Granth Sahib. La muchacha debe sentarse en el lado izquierdo del muchacho. Después de solicitar el congregation' el permiso de s, el amo de la ceremonia de unión (quién puede ser un hombre o una mujer) debe hacer una oferta al muchacho y la muchacha y sus padres o guardas colocarse y debe ofrecer el Ardas para el comienzo de la ceremonia de unión de Anand. 

El officiant debe entonces informar el muchacho y a la muchacha de los deberes y de las obligaciones de vida conyugal según el Guru' principios de s. Él debe dar inicialmente a los dos una exposición de sus obligaciones mutuas comunes. Él debe decirles cómo modelar la relación de la marido-esposa en el amor entre el alma individual y el alma suprema teniendo en cuenta el contenido del circumambulation (Lavan) Sabads en la sección de la medida de Suhi (trapo) del gurú Granth Sahib. 

Él debe explicar a él la noción del estado del " una sola alma en el bodies" dos; para ser alcanzado con amor y haga que ven cómo pueden lograr la unión con el Immortal que descarga deberes y las obligaciones del householders' vida. Ambos ellos, deben ser dichos, tienen que hacer su unión conyugal medios al cumplimiento del propósito del viaje de la existencia humana; ambos tienen que llevar vidas limpias y Gurú-orientadas con el conducto de su unión. 

Él debe entonces explicar al muchacho y a la muchacha individualmente sus deberes conyugales respectivos como marido y esposa. El novio debe ser dicho que el girl' gente de s que lo elige como el fósforo más apto de entre mucho, él debe mirar a su esposa como su mejor mitad, acordar al amor y a la parte firmes con sus todos que él tenga. 

En situaciones, él debe proteger su persona y honor, debe ser totalmente leal a ella y él debe demostrar mucho respecto y consideración para sus padres y en cuanto sus los propios. La muchacha debe ser dicha que ella ha sido matrimonio unido a su hombre en la presencia santificada del gurú Granth Sahib y de la congregación. Ella debe abrigar nunca para él solicitude respetuoso, mirarlo el amo del señor de su amor y confianza; ella debe seguir siendo firme en lealtad a él y servirlo en alegría y dolor y en cada clima (nativo o extranjero) y debe demostrar el mismo y la consideración a sus padres y parientes que ella a sus propios padres y parientes. 

El muchacho y la muchacha deben arquear antes del gurú Granth Sahib para betoken su aceptación de estas instrucciones. Después de eso, el girl' el padre de s o la relación principal debe hacer que la muchacha agarra un extremo del marco que el muchacho que usa sobre sus hombros y la persona allí el gurú Granth Sahib debe recitar a las estrofas matrimoniales del circumambulation {Lavan del cuarto Nanak, espolón Das Sahib del gurú en el trapo de Suhi del gurú Granth Sahib} (págs. 773-4). 

Después de la conclusión de la recitación de cada uno de las estrofas, el muchacho, seguido por la muchacha que lleva a cabo el extremo del marco, debe ir alrededor del gurú Granth Sahib mientras que los ragis o la congregación cantan hacia fuera la estrofa recitada. El muchacho y la muchacha, después de cada circumambulation, deben arquear antes del gurú Granth Sahib en el genuflexion, bajando su frente para tocar la tierra y entonces colocarse hasta escuche la recitación de la estrofa siguiente. 

Allí siendo cuatro estrofas matrimoniales del circumambulation en el himno en cuestión, el procedimiento abarcará el circumambulation cuatro con el canto fortuito de la estrofa. Después del circumabulation cuatro, el muchacho y la muchacha deben, después de arquear antes del gurú Granth Sahib, sentarse en el lugar designado y los Ragis o la persona que ha conducido la ceremonia debe recitar los primeros cinco y la estrofa pasada del Anand Sahib. 

Después de eso, el Ardas él ofreció marcar la conclusión de la ceremonia de unión de Anand y del Karhah Parshad, distributed'. 
k. Las personas que profesan fes con excepción de la fe sikh no pueden ser ensambladas en matrimonio por la ceremonia de Anand Karaj. 
l. Ningún sikh debe aceptar un fósforo para su hijo o hija para la consideración monetaria. 
m. Si el girl' padres de s en cualquier momento o en cualquie visita de la ocasión su daughter' el hogar de s y una comida está listos allí, ellos no deben vacilar comer allí. El abstenerse de la consumición en el girl' el hogar de s es una superstición. El Khalsa se ha bendecido con el favor de victuals y haciendo otros coma por el gurú y ser inmortal. El girl' s y boy' la gente de s debe guardar el aceptarse ' hospitalidad de s, porque el gurú lo ha ensamblado en la relación de la igualdad (Prem Sumarag). 
n. Si un woman' el marido de s ha muerto, ella puede, si ella desea tan, encontrando un fósforo conveniente para ella, remarry. Para un hombre sikh cuya ha muerto esposa, la ordenanza similar obtiene. 
o. La nupcia se puede solemnized de manera semejante como la unión de Anand. 
p. Generalmente, ningún sikh debe casar a una segunda esposa si la primera esposa es viva. 
q. El sikh de Amritdhari debe conseguir a su esposa también Amritdhari



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