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Temples of Palakkad District (A Big Book)


Temples of Palakkad District (A Big Book)

Temples of Palakkad District (A Big Book)

Código del Artículo: NAC075

por S. Jayashanker

Hardcover (Edición: 2005)

Census of India Special Studies - Kerala

Tamaño: 11.5 inch X 8.5 inch
Páginas: 905 (108 Color Illustrations with Maps)
Weight of the Book: 2.70 Kg

Precio: Euro 76.23


The Indian Census Organisation is generally well known to both the national and international community of social scientists as one, which collects, processes and disseminates tabulated data on population characteristics through the decennial population censuses. However, one of the strong pillars on which the organisation has built up its reputation in the field of social sciences are the inter-censal studies undertaken on a variety of subjects which touch the life of the people, reflecting the culture and the organisation of the Indian society. Whereas the pro-independent censuses were predisposed for their in depth investigation into the social and anthropological characteristics of the Indian population, the post independent censuses have attempted to undertake studies on more diverse socio-culture topics. Far example, the monographs on the Fairs and Festivals of India, Village and Town studies have contributed to a better understanding of the social fabric of the Indian society. The current study ‘Temples of Palakkad District’ is a similar effort and forms an integral part of the ‘Temples of Kerala’ study already completed by the Organisation. Shri S. Jayashanker, who retired after a very distinguished innings as Deputy Director of Census Operations, Kerala, has authored the present volume. His devotion, commitment and dedication reinforce and add to the great census tradition of bringing out unique monographs on subjects of topical interest through special studies, The present work reflects the painstaking efforts of Shri Jayashanker has single handedly undertaken over the past several years (post retirement) in data collection and providing a vivid description on the temples of the region. The earlier volume “Temples of Kerala” has been received with much admiration and some sense of surprise as to how the Census Organisation continues to churn out such scholarly, fascinating and comprehensive volumes.

Temples have been the life line of an important and significant segment of the Indian society from times immemorial and in a way not only reflect the religious feelings of the community but also depict it graphically in an outstanding architectural form. The present set of volume enumerates and describes at length in text form the ‘Temples of Palakkad District’. This obviously was a Herculean effort but has been carried out meticulously by the author with a great sense of devotion and commitment. The photographs, diagrams, maps, glossary and transliteration provide rich background and reference material and considerably enhance the value of the publication the common reader and the distinguished one as well, I am confident that this rich collection which in a sense remained largely unknown till date, will invoke a great sense of satisfaction and admiration both by the discriminating mind and those who have Interest in study of the Indian culture and the temple architecture. This effort, therefore, should further enrich the existing literature in the domain of social sciences and make the temples of Kerala well known to the world.

The chief glory of Palakkad district is the long and continuous array of the majestic Sahyadri (Western Ghats) with a sole break of 30 km. There are two famous valleys of great importance in this mountainous range, the Silent Valley Biosphere and the Attappadi Valley, both helping a visitor to enjoy the serene, flawless, inimitable and impersonal beauty of nature. The unique Palakkad Gap has paved the way for shaping the destiny of the district by allowing the general powers of Vijayanagar, Chalukya, Rashtrakuta, Chera, Chola etc. to enter Kerala through this Gap in early centuries and Mysorean rulers in later centuries. The district is greatly influenced by the synthesis of cultures of Kerala and Tamilakam by adopting their traditional rituals and practices. It is of historical importance that the district has in it the oldest temple of Kerala, Sree Varahamoortty temple at Panniyoor, which dates back to 700 B.C. There is also a wide spectrum of deities belonging to Saivite, Vaishnavite and Sakti mode of worship. The spectacular and attractive festivals in the temples of the district provide an opportunity to the people to witness almost all the folk art forms prevalent in the region. The monograph is a treasure as it brings out the details of about two thousand temples of the district at the beginning of the twenty first century.


The monograph on Temples of Kerala which was published earlier covered the general aspects on temples in Kerala like history of temples over the last two thousand years. e of worship, architectural features, iconography of idols, deva-prasam, temple ‘—rites priesthood, temple, customs, offerings, temple administration, ritualistic and —performing, arts, carvings and paintings etc. This volume, the sixth In the series of district c. is an addendum to the monograph on Temples of Kerala and It attempts to cover an account of the temples of Pãlakkãd (Pãlakkãt) district.

The background of taking up this exhaustive study needs little elaboration. The C-s Organization of India undertook a study on Temples of Madras State as an ancillary study of the 1961 census. This study evoked keen interest among scholars, the Government and statutory bodies of Kerala etc. Late Sree R. Vasudëva Poduvãl a renowned Atibo1ogIst, requested the Registrar General, India (late Sree A. Chandrasëkha) as early 1969 to launch a study on temples of Kerala similar to the one that was conducted In Madras state and the latter readily agreed to this suggestion. But the study could not be taken up due to heavy pressure of work in connection with the 1971 census. In 1973, me Travancore Dëvaswam Board also came up with a similar request but the backlog of census work of 1971 census stood in the way in launching the study. In 1979 the Advisor to the Government of Kerala on Temples and Traditional Arts again requested the director of Census Operations to commence the study. But again some unforeseen circumstances prevented the organization from taking up the study. However, In May 1990, the Government of Kerala again requested the Census Directorate to take up a detailed survey on Temples of Kërala and the Registrar General (Sree A.R. Nanda I.A.S.) directed to commence the survey In June 1991.

For canvassing the data a schedule was designed in consultation with tantris, silpis etc., besides incorporating the valuable suggestions given by Sree A.R. Nanda, I.A.S. (former Registrar General, India), late Dr. K. P. Ittaman (former Deputy Registrar General, india) and late Sree K.C. Nãrãyana Kurup (former Deputy Director of Census Operations, Madras). The schedules were printed in September 1991 and the, work commenced.

Originally it was decided to collect data of temples by mailing the schedules to temple authorities of statutory bodies and collecting details by deputing trained field staff to temples exclusively managed by private individuals and institutions. But this procedure did not work well as the response from the statutory bodies was found defective as the filled-in schedules had both content and coverage errors. Therefore in March 1992 it was decided to engage a small team of trained staff (of the Directorate of Census Operations, Kerala) for the field-study. The survey covered all temples which are open to public, irrespective of whether they are owned by statutory bodies, private institutions, families or Individuals.

The procedure for the collection of data for the survey deserves special mention. The staff deputed for this study was directed to visit all panchaayatts, village offices and note down the names and location of all temples. They were then directed to visit all such temples located In every nook and corner of the panchaayatt, some of which situated even in dense forests and in areas Inaccessible by roads, apart from making local enquiries on any possible omissions. These visits and enquiries helped them to prepare a Directory (presented as Section 3) of all temples open to public and collect data regarding the name, location, principal deity, antiquity, structural type of main sreekovil, time of worship and poojas, utsavam/festival besides details on ownership/management.

Further based on certain criteria i.e., all the temples having swayambhoo (self- revealed) idols and other important temples depending on number of prãkãras, architectural excellence, number of poojas, antiquity and number of worshippers were selected for detailed study. It may be said that great care has been taken to include almost all Important temples based on these criteria and the data so collected through a separate detailed schedule are presented in Section 2 (Salient features of important temples) of this monograph. This does not mean that other temples are unimportant. But the more prominent ones based on the above mentioned specified criteria were given due weight age. Section 1 gives an overall review and analysis on temples of Palakkad district with a backdrop on geographical setting, historical and other aspects.

It is worthwhile to mention here the limitations of the data. The informants, mainly temple authorities, were generally co-operative. However, some of them were reluctant to provide details fearing that their private temples might be taken over by the Government and they took the stand that those temples were exclusively used by family members and not open to public. On the other hand some Insisted on having their temples enumerated hoping to get some financial assistance for their family temples at a later stage. Another difficulty encountered by the field staff was that very often they had to go to the same temple several times to collect details as the temples were kept open only for specified hours (either morning or noon or evening) or on specified days besides non-availability of reliable Informants. Similarly it was difficult to verify the claim of informants on the data of antiquity and myths associated with those temples. In spite of these limitations every effort was made to collect detailed data as one could.

The field-survey of Pãlakkãd district was done at different periods during 1992-97 and, therefore, subsequent changes on structures, idols etc. have not been incorporated in this monograph except in few cases where re-visits were done. The data thus collected through the field-survey is published in this monograph. The earlier proposed title of the monograph, i.e., Temple Directory (mentioned in the first monograph - Temples of Kerala), had to be changed in the District monographs consequent on the introduction of a section dealing with the General background of temples of the district. Thus this volume has three sections viz. Section 1: General Background, Section 2: Salient features on important’ temples and Section3: Temple Directory (which covers list of all temples m the district).

The field survey was initially monitored by Sree K. Sivaramakrishna Iyer (former Assistant Director of Census Operations). The field staff Included Sarvasree R. Chandrachoodan, M. Chandraëkharan, MR. Sukumaran Nair, Thampi N. Suresh, G. Sivadãsan and R. Mãdhavan Nair of the Census Directorate and Sree M. Narãyanan kutty who was taken on deputation to the Census Directorate. The tireless team work of the field staff is highly commendable. The wholehearted dedication in spite of several odds of travelling through difficult terrain on foot withstanding the onslaughts of climate deserves special mention. At the time of writing this volume I had to again utilize the services of Sree G. Sivadãsan, Statistical Investigator of the Census Directorate. I take this opportunity to record my great appreciation for his invaluable contribution.

I am ever grateful to all those temple authorities and the informants who willingly furnished data to the field staff. But for their contributions the report would not have been brought to light.

The major task of, translation of data of the Temple Directory (Section 3) into English and presenting It in the final format was done painstakingly and with great dedication by Sree K. Sivarãmakrishna Iyer, former Assistant Director of Census Operations. The entire credit of this well presented basic data goes to him. I do not know how to express my sincere appreciation and gratitude to his dedicated services.

The general background (Section 1) and salient features on important temples (Section 2) and other items like Glossary, Annexure etc. were written by the author himself by utilizing the field-data, besides many published and unpublished reports. The brunt of the work of reading the proof and giving valuable suggestions were gladly and conscientiously undertaken by my wife Prof. A. Anandam. I have no words to thank her.

It is my pleasant duty to acknowledge the co-operation extended to me by officers and staff of the Census Directorate. In the initial stages I got full encouragement from late Sree N.M. Samuel, I.A.S., Director of Census Operations, Kerala. Mrs. Sheela Thomas, LAS who succeeded him as Director of Census Operations was indeed very helpful in the continuation of the project and the bringing of this monograph to light. I am greatly indebted to both of them. My earlier colleagues in the Census Directorate also greatly helped me in bringing out this monograph. However I would like to mention my sincere appreciation and special thanks to V. Thulasëdharan, Senior Draftsman, who has meticulously drawn the rough maps of taluks and in designing plates of photographs in this monograph.

The keying of data, lay-out of pages and preparing camera-ready copy of this volume were conscientiously done by Sree G.S. Sudheer Kumãr ‘as a love for labour. I am deeply impressed by his stupendous work and place on record my profound thanks to him. The photographs on the temples of the district were taken by Sree Santosh, Channãnkara, Still Photographer. I express my appreciation and thanks to him.

Now it is my pleasant duty to thank the officers and staff of the office of the Registrar General, India, particularly Mr. B. Malilk (Joint Registrar General / Joint Secretary), Dr. R.P. Singh (Deputy Registrar General, Map Division) and Mr. C. Chakravorty (Joint Director), Mr. Bal Krishan (Deputy Director) and the Printing Section for their great help in bringing out this volume.

It is my great privilege to acknowledge my unfailing obligations I owe to Dr. M. Vijayanunni, I.A.S., former Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India, who had always guided me by giving his valuable advice and helped me a lot by his timely interventions at a critical juncture when the project was about to be shelved. His involvement and vision have paved the way in completing the field work and publication of earlier three monographs viz. Temples of Kerala, Temples of Kasaragöd district and Temples of Kanoor district) on this subject well in time. I am ever grateful to him for laying the foundation for this project which brings out the cultural heritage of Kërala.

Shri Jayant Kumar Banthia, I.A.S., the Registrar General, India, was very generous, extremely considerate and greatly helpful to solve many problems associated with the printing and release of the three District monographs (Temples of Wayanad district, Temples Kozhikkode district and Temples of Malappuram district). I am particularly grateful to him for providing a valuable Foreword for this monograph. I am sure that this monograph will indeed be useful for the posterity. On behalf of the future users of these monographs I express my deep gratitude to him.

While writing this volume I have experienced the Divine Grace of the Almighty and boundless blessings of Gurus and I have no words to express my deep feelings. I humbly pray for their continued benediction.

The views expressed in this monograph are my own and do not necessarily represent the views of the Government of India.

The author is happy if the monograph can be of some use as a background document on the subject for administrators, devotees and the general public.


Geographical setting (3) – History of the district (7) – People and religious composition (14) Mode of worship (19) – Antiquity of temples (20) – Temple architecture (25) – Carvings and paintings (30) – Administration of temples (31) – Classification of temples (33) – Types of idols (36) – Deities (36) – Sakti-kalpa (38) – Vishnu kalpa (41) – Siva kalpa (41) – Lord Siva (42) – Lord Vettakkorumakan or Kiratasoonu (43) – Sree Kshetrapalan (43) – Ganapati kalpa (43) – Subramanya kalpa (43) – Sasta and Ayyappa kalpa (44) – Sree Lakshmi-Narayana (44) – Sree Arddhanareswara/Uma-Maheswara (44) – Sacred groves and Naga worship (45) – Other varied kalpas (45) – Lord Hanuman (45) – Spirit-cult (46) – Ashta-dikpalas and Navagrahas (47) – Time of worship and poojas (48) – Offerings (49) – Monthly and annual festivals (51) – Utsavam (52) – Talappoli (53) – Kalam-patt (53) – Tara and Pootan (55) – Tolpava-koottu (55) – Priesthood and temple staff (56) – Priests (56) – Tantris (56) – Santikkars (57) – Kazhakakkars (58) – Remuneration to temple staff (58) – Role of Government and administration (59) – Coverage of temples (60) – Some unique features (61) – Conclusion (61)

Diagram 1 : Lay-out of temple62-63

Diagram 2 : Pratishtha point in the garbha-grham 64

Diagram 3 : Positions of bali-peethas in the antar-mandalam 65

Annexure : Villages/towns falling in physio-geographic regions66


1 Ottappalam taluk 69-250
1. Sree (Kotalil) Maha Vishnu (Vamanamoorthy) temples, Perumbalam69
2. Sree Siva temple, Anakkara 70
3. Sree Varahamoortty temple, Panniyoor 72
4. Sree (Malamal kaav) Sasta temple, Malamakkaav 76
5. Sree Siva temple, Neyyoor 79
6. Sree (Kurinni kaav) Durga Bhagavati temple, Kootalloor 80
7. Sree Siva temple, Kallatattoor 81
8. Sree (Poovillasseri) Garudaroodha Vishnu temple, Aaloor 84
9. Sree (Chamundi kaav) Bhagavati temple, Aaloor86
10. Sree (Mulayamparambatt kaav) Durga Bhagavati temple, Chalisseri 88
11. Sree (Komangalam) Siva temple, Vavanoor 89
12. Sree Bhagavati temple, Aamakkav 91
13. Sree (Panayanneeri) Ramaswamy temple, Peringot 92
14. Sree (Tirumittakkot) Narasimhamoortty temple, Karukaputtoor 94
15. Sree Siva temple, Akilanam 96
16. Sree Siva-Maha Ganapati temple, Perinkannoor 97
17. Sree (Trkkarangat) Siva temple, Nellikkattiri 99
18. Sree Anchumoortty temple, Tirumittakkot 101
19. Sree Siva temple, Trttala 104
20. Sree Durga Bhagavati temple, Nangattiri 106
21. Sree Durga Bhagavati temple, Kannanoor 108
22. Sree Yajneswara temple, Pattittara 110
23. Sree (Etappatta kaav) Vana-Durga temple, Kannat 112
24. Sree Krshna temple, Pallippuram 113
25. Sree (Kotikunnu) Bhagavati temple, Pallippuram 115
26. Sree Ayyappa temple, Mutappakkat 117
27. Sree Maha Siva-Sankaranarayana-Maha Vishnu temple, Tiruvegappura 118
28. Sree Siva temple, Netungootoor 122
29. Sree (Cholakkavil) Siva temple, Chembra 123
30. Sree Bhrantanpara (Bhrantachalam) Vana-Durga temple, Kaippuram 124
31. Sree (Rayiranalloor) Durga Bhagavati temple, Natuvattam 126
32. Sree (Vilangott kaav) Bhagavati temple, Vilayoor 127
33. Sree (Malayil) Vana-Durga temple, Rayiranalloor129
34. Sree (Mangampulli) Ayyappankaav, Mannengot 130
35. Sree (Hariharakunnu) Siva temple ( Nagattankotta), Koppam 131
36. Sree (Ammannoor) Subramanyaswamy temple, Kozhikottiri132
37. Sree (Me-Trkkovil) Subramanya temple, Kotumunta134
38. Sree (Ingayoor) Ihapureswari (Durga) temple, Perumutiyoor135
39. Sree Siva temple, Perumutiyoor 137
40. Sree (Netunganat) Muttassiyar Kaav, Perumutiyoor139
41. Sree (Kai-tali) Mahadeva temple, Neterimangalam 141
42. Sree (Patinnare matham) Guruvayoorappan temple, Pattambi143
43. Sree (Trttantonni) Siva temple, Vatanamkurissi145
44. Sree (Chenganam kunnu) Durga Bhagavati temple, Kolliparamb146
45. Sree (Tali) Mahadeva temple, Ongalloor148
46. Sree (Taliyil) Maha-Siva-Ganapati temple, Ongalloor 150
47. Sree Siva temple, Kuruvattoor 151
48. Sree (Pantal) Mahadeva temple, Cherukot153
49. Sree (Penoor) Siva temple, Choorakkot154
50. Sree Bhagavati (Bhadrakali) temple, Mulayankaav155
51. Sree (Perum-Trkkovil) Siva temple, Mulayankaav 157
52. Sree Durga Bhagavati temple, Pulakkat 159
53. Sree Siva temple, Nellaya 160
54. Sree (Puttanalukkal) Bhagavati temple, Cherppulasseri161
55. Sree Ayyappan kaav, Cherppulasseri 163
56. Sree (Vellottukurissi) Ayyappa temple, Cherppulasseri165
57. Sree (Tirumullappulli) Siva temple, Karalmanna166
58. Sree Antimahakalan kaav, Karalmanna 168
59. Sree Bhagavati (Bhadrakali) temple, Toota170
60. Sree (Kantaloor) Krshna temple, Vellinezhi171
61. Sree (Chenganikottu kaav) Vana-Durga temple, Vellinezhi173
62. Sree (Trppulikkal) Siva temple, Vellinezhi174
63. Sree (Vakkala kaav) Vana-Durga temple, Tirunarayanapuram 175
64. Sree (Utrattil kaav) Bhadrakali temple, Tiruvazhiyot176
65. Sree (Chunaykal) Siva temple, Teruvakkonam178
66. Sree (Mangot kaav) Bhagavati (Bhadrakali) temple, Mangot180
67. Sree Moonnu-moortty temple, Trkkateeri 181
68. Sree (Chakkimura) Ayyappa temple, Pakaravoor183
69. Sree (Kalikaav) Bhagavati temple, Pariyanampatta185
70. Sree Bhagavati temple, Pariyanampatta 185
71. Sree Siva temple, Kattukulam 188
72. Sree (Kotarmanna) Lakshmanaswamy temple, Punchappatam190
73. Sree (Pulinkaav) Sasta temple, Punchappatam191
74. Sree (Meloor) Ayyappan kaav, Easwaramangalam192
75. Sree (Pacchayil) Siva temple, Mannampatta193
76. Sree Siva temple, Nilavilikunnu 195
77. Sree Krshna temple, Sreekrshnapuram 196
78. Sree Vamanamoortty (Vishnu) temple, Perumangot198
79. Sree Maha Ganapati temple, Easwaramangalam 199
80. Sree Ramaswamy temple, Karimpuzha 201
81. Sree (Kootikkaav) Durga Bhagavati temple, Karimpuzha203
82. Sree (Poovvakkot) Siva (Arddhanareswara) temple, Kottappuram204
83. Sree (Tiruvalayanat) Bhagavati temple, Kottappuram206
84 Sree (Tottuvaya) Siva temple, Pulapatta207
85Sree (Mokshatt) Siva temple, Pulapatta208
86Sree (Tiruvambalam) Subramanyaswamy temple, Aalangat210
87Sree Siva temple, Vettekkara 211
88Sree (Pazhangot) Vishnu (Narasimhamoortty) temple, Vettekkara212
89Sree Arddhanareeswara (Vayilakunnilappan) temple, Katambazhippuram213
90Sree (Vayilakunnu) Bhagavati (Bhadrakali) temple, Katambazhippuram216
91Sree Maha Ganapati temple, Katambazhippuram 218
92Sree (Palekkavil) Ayyappan kaav, Cherumuntasseri 219
93Sree (Putukulangara) Bhagavti temple, Vengasseri220
94Sree (Cherambatta) Mookambika kaav, Kotakurissi221
95Sree (Trechaman Trkkovil) Siva temple, Chalavara 223
96Sree Cheru-Mulayan kaav Bhadrakali temple, Kayiliyat 224
97Sree (Mahadevamangalam) Siva temple, Paruttipra225
98Sree Siva temple, Shoranoor 227
99Sree (Eruppe) Siva temple, Kavalappara229
100Sree Sankaranarayana (Rantumoortty) temple, Trkkangot230
101Sree (Kurumba) Bhagavati temple, Chorottoor 232
102Sree (Akleswara) Mahadeva temple, Aaramkulam234
103Sree (Killikulangara) Bhagavati (Bhadrakali) temple, Kanniyampuram236
104Sree Sankaranarayanaswamy temple, Panamanna 239
105Sree (Vengeri) Mahadeva temple, Ottappalam241
106Sree (Chinakkattoor) Bhagavati (Bhadrakali) temple, Palappuram242
107Sree (Killikkurissimangalam) Mahadeva (Dakshinamoortty) temple, Lakkiti245
108Sree (Kaippayil) Mahadeva temple, Peroor247
109Sree Bhagavati temple, Akaloor 249

2 Mannarkkat taluk 251-292
1Sree (Panamkurissi) Bhagavati temple, Chettalloor251
2Sree Krshna temple, Chettalloor 255
3Sree (Kurumali kaav) Vishnu-Bhagavati temple, Tacchanattukara257
4Sree (Keezh-Trkkovil) Siva temple, Alanalloor259
5Sree (Nemminippuratt) Ayyappan kaav, Alanalloor260
6Sree (Mel-Trkkovil) Subramanyaswamy temple, Alanalloor261
7Sree (Naralatt) Ramaswamy temple, Alanalloor263
8Sree Maha Vishnu temple, Bheemanat 264
9Sree Vana-Durga temple, Kumaramputtoor 266
10Sree (Tonippuram) Sasta temple, Payyanetam267
11Sree (Eananimangalam) Siva temple, Payyanetam 268
12Sree Kurumba Bhagavati temple, Payyanetam 270
13Sree Dharmar kovil, Mannarkkat 271
14Sree (Udayarkunnu) Bhagavati temple, Arakkurussi273
15Sree (Peranchatt) Arddhanareeswara temple, Perimbatari274
16Sree (Mukkannam) Siva temple, Viyyakurissi276
17Sree Subramanyaswamy temple, Trkkaloor 277
18Sree (Irattakkulam) temple, Pottasseri278
19Sree Malleswaran (Siva) kovil, Chemmannoor 280
20Sree Kiratamoortty temple, Mutukurissi 282
21Sree (Kannakurissi) Krshna temple, Karakurissi 283
22Sree (Chullisseri) Ramaswamy temple, Vazhamburam284
23Sree Maha Vishnu temple, Pallikkurup 286
24Sree (Tuppanat) Subramanyaswamy temple, Kallatikkot288
25Sree (Kutappulli) Krshna temple, Kallatikkot290
26Sree (Kattusseri) Ayyappan kaav, Kallatikkot291

3 Palakkat taluk 293-390
1Sree (Cherukunnu) Bhagavati temple, Kuntuvampatam293
2Sree (Trkkoil) Subramanyaswamy temple, Peringot295
3Sree Tirumandhamkunnu Bhagavati temple, Kongat 297
4Sree (Kallapati) Siva-Vishnu temple, Keralasseri299
5Sree Kurumba Bhagavati temple, Keralasseri 300
6Sree Yakki kaav, Keralasseri 301
7Sree (Ayyanari) Ayyappa temple, Tatukkasseri302
8Sree (Nagamkulangara) Bhagavati temple, Kuntalasseri303
9Sree (Tirunelli) Sankaranarayana temple, Kuntalasseri305
10Sree (Tirunarayanapuram) Maha Vishnu temple, Nagarippuram306
11Sree (Malankulangara) Siva temple, Nagarippuram308
12Sree (Kayamukunnatt) Bhadrakali temple, Mannoor309
13Sree (Vatavarkottukurissi) Siva temple, Mannoor312
14Sree (Kalikaav) Bhadrakali temple, Mankara313
15Sree Bhagavati temple, Mankurussi 315
16Sree (Karatimala) Vana-Durga temple, Kalloor316
17Sree (Punnakurissi) Siva temple, Kalloor317
18Sree (Trppamkunnu) Siva temple, Pariyasseri318
19Sree (Vembalatt) Maha Deva temple, Kinavalloor320
20Sree (Tekkiniyetatt) Siva temple, Kinavalloor321
21Sree (Ayyarmala) Chidambareswaraswamy temple, Tenoor322
22Sree (Tiruvanchi) Siva temple, Tenoor324
23Sree (Natuvasseri) Siva temple, Otannoor325
24Sree (Chenkattoor) Siva-Sasta temple (Ayyappan kaav), Etattara326
25Sree (Tevarvattam) Subramanyaswamy temple, Etattara328
26Sree (Palakeezh) Bhagavati temple, Muntoor329
27Sree (Vikramunteswaram) Siva temple, Muntoor331
28Sree (Kunnappullikaav) Bhadrakali temple, Ezhakkat333
29Sree Siva temple, Ezhakkat 334
30Sree (Chettilvettiya) Bhagavati temple, Dhoni336
31Sree (Eamoor) Hemambika temple, Kallekulangara337
32Sree (Chendamangalam) Siva temple, Kallekulangara340
33Sree Siva temple, Katukkankunnu 341
34Sree (Tontarkulangara) Bhagavati temple, Kallepulli342
35Sree Maha Ganapati temple, Chattapuram 343
36Sree Viswanathaswamy temple, Kalpatti 345
37Sree Vaidyanathaswamy temple, Vaidyanathapuram 347
38Sree Lakshminarayanaswamy temple, Sekharapuram 348
39Sree (Manappulli kaav) Bhagavati temple, East Yakkara350
40Sree Visweswara temple, Yakkara 351
41Sree Sasta temple, Tirunellayi 353
42Sree (Kachamkulam) Bhagavati temple, Tirupurakkal355
43Sree Vishnu-Tirupurakkal Bhagavati temple, Vatakkantara 358
44Sree Chandranathaswamy temple (Jain temple), Palakkat 360
45Sree Guruvayoorappan temple, Palakkat 362
46Sree (Kizhakkancheri) Bhagavati temple, Kallekkat365
47Sree (Kakkot) Bhagavati temple, Kotuntirappulli366
48Sree (Agastyanalloor) Siva temple, Attaloor368
49Sree Subramanyaswamy temple, Kotumb 369
50Sree (Chemattiya) Bhagavati temple, Kotumb372
51Sree (Tiruvalattoor) Rantumoortty Bhagavati temple, Kotumb374
52Sree (Oottukulangara) Bhagavati temple, Peruvamba377
53Sree (Paloor) Siva temple, Palatulli379
54Sree (Perumkurissi) Siva temple, Polpulli381
55Sree (Parukkancheri) Bhagavati temple, Pallateri382
56Sree (Varanapuri) Siva temple, Elappulli384
57Sree (Netumbrayoor Devarmatham) Siva temple, Putusseri385
58Sree Kurumba Bhagavati temple, Putusseri 386
59Sree Maha Siva temple, Kanchikkot 389

4 Chittoor taluk 391-452
1Sree Siva temple, Kakkayoor 391
2Sree (Nocchoor) Bhagavati temple, Kotuvayoor393
3Sree (Tiruvalayanat) Bhagavati temple, Kotuvayoor395
4Sree (Keralapuram) Viswanathaswamy temple, Kotuvayoor396
5Sree Bhagavati temple, Chittoor 399
6Sree (Lankeswaram) Siva temple, Chittoor404
7Sree (Kakkurussi) Siva temple, Tattamangalam406
8Sree Durga Bhagavati temple, Tattamangalam 407
9Sree (Tekke Gramam) Ramaswamy temple, Chittoor408
10Sree (Cherubala Kenampulli mala) Siva temple, Chittoor410
11Sree (Appupillayoor) Ayyappa temple, Nellepilli411
12Sree (Parijatapuram) Vishnu temple, Nalleppilli412
13Sree (Viswamaruli) Siva temple, Nalleppilli412
14Sree (Boyattara Vetappatti) Muttumariyamman kovil, Kozhinnampara415
15Sree Siva temple, Kozhinnampara 416
16Sree Krshna temple, Menonpara 417
17Sree Siva temple, Pattancheri 418
18Sree Vana-Sasta temple, Pattancheri 420
19Sree Varadaraja Perumal temple, Aalampallam 421
20Sree (Pokkunni) Siva temple, Vatavannoor322
21Sree (Tiruvilwampatta) Siva temple, Vatavannoor424
22Sree Santana Gopalakrshnaswamy temple, Pallassana 425
23Sree (Pazhaya kaav) Meenkulatti Bhagavati temple, Pallassana426
24Sree (Trpallavoor) Siva temple, Pallavoor428
25Sree (Nellikkulangara) Bhagavati temple, Vallangi431
26Sree Siva temple, Pottunti 433
27 Sree (Putugramam) Maha Ganapati temple, Nenmara434
28Sree (Srngeswaram) Maha Vishnu temple, Chattamangalam435
29Sree Siva (Akhileswaraswamy) temple, Ayiloor437
30Sree Narasimhamoortty temple, Tiruvazhiyat 439
31Sree (Tevarkulam) Siva temple, Elavancheri441
32 Sree (Peringottkaav) Bhagavati temple, Elavancheri442
33Sree Siva temple, Cherapuram 443
34Sree Viswanathaswamy temple, Panangattiri 445
35Sree (Tirukacchamkurissi) Maha Vishnu temple, Payyaloor446
36Sree (Putugramam) Viswanatha temple, Kollankot449
37Sree (Pulikkot) Ayyappan kaav, Kollankot451

5 Aalattoor taluk 453-508
1Sree (Mannatt) Bhagavati temple, Peringottukurissi453
2Sree (Trttamara) Siva temple, Paruttippulli454
3Sree Jala-Durga temple, Perinkulangara 456
4Sree (Chambrankulangara) Bala-Sasta temple, Kottayi457
5Sree (Irattakkulangara) Bhagavati temple, Mattoor459
6Sree Dakshinamoortty temple, Mattoor 460
7Sree (Valavasseri) Nageswar (Siva) temple, Chunkamandam461
8Sree (Azhakotta) Mahadeva temple, Kuzhalmandam462
9Sree Siva temple, Tenkurissi 463
10Sree Durga-Parameswari temple, Vilayanchattanoor 465
11Sree Sankaranarayana temple, Ilamandam 466
12Sree (Pookkulangara) Bhagavati temple, Kunisseri467
13Sree Siva temple, Trppaloor 469
14Sree Dakshinamoortty temple, Kuttannoor 472
15Sree (Kizhakketara) Bhagavati temple, Kuttannoor473
16Sree Siva temple, Mannattoor 474
17Sree (Amma Tiruvati) Bhagavati temple, Tolannoor476
18Sree (Mangottukaav) Bhadrakali temple, Attippotta477
19Sree (Poomullimana) Siva temple, Vavunyapuram479
20Sree Kurumba Bhagavati temple, Taroor 480
21Sree (Parakkat) Bhagavati temple, Patoor481
22Sree (Parakkat) Bhagavati temple, Kavasseri482
23Sree (Tazhekkatt) Bhagavati temple, Melarkot484
24Sree (Mattoor - Tantalot) Siva temple, Vantazhi485
25Sree (Azhikulangara) Bhagavati temple, Mutappalloor407
26Sree Maha Vishnu temple, Mutappalloor 489
27Sree Kurumba Bhagavati temple, Kakkasseri 490
28Sree Mahadeva temple, Tiruvara 491
29Sree Ayyapa-Krshna temple, Karumanasseri 494
30Sree (Kotakkatt kaav) Bhagavati temple, Vatakkancheri495
31Sree (Tekkegramam) Dharma Sasta temple, Mangalam499
32Sree Anchumoortty temple, Anchumoortty Mangalam 500
33Sree (Ayyappankaav) Sasta temple, Nattukal503
34Sree Narasimhamoortty temple, Rshinaradamangalam 504
35Sree Bhagavati temple, Putukkot 506

1Ottappalam taluk 510-563

Key to map showing names of panchayatts and villages 510

Rough map (facing key to map)

Directory 511
2Mannarkkat taluk 614-649

Key to map showing names of panchayatts and villages 614

Rough map (facing key to map)

Directory 615
3Palakkat taluk 650-721

Key to map showing names of panchayatts and villages

Rough map (facing key to map)

Directory 651
4Chittoor taluk 722-803

Key to map showing names of panchayatts and villages

Rough map (facing key to map)

Directory 723
5Aalattoor taluk 804-857

Key to map showing names of panchayatts and villages

Rough map (facing key to map)

Directory 805


GLOSSARY 863-888

PHOTOGRAPHS Between pages 508 and 509

Ottappalam taluk (plates 1-38), Mannarkkat taluk (39-48), Palakkat taluk (49-76), Chittoor taluk (77-94) and Aalattoor (95-108)

Front cover : Sree (Tirukacchamkurissi) Maha Vishnu temple, Payyaloor

Back cover : Peepul tree with a swayambhoo idol of Lord Ayyappa inside it (Sree Sankaranarayana (Rantumoortty) temple, Trkkangot)

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